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Rajasthan is the ambassador of India to the world of travel and tourism. Rajasthan is like a grand open air museum where it's magnificent forts and palaces, culture and heritage, dance and music, arts and crafts are on a display for the world to capture the real essence of this magical land. An affair with Royal Rajasthan is in fact the vacation of a lifetime.

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Chittorgarh Fort of Rajasthan
City Palace of Jaipur
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Jaisalmer Fort of Rajasthan
Nahargarh Fort of Jaipur
Patwon ki Haweli of Jaisalmer
Umaid Bhawan Palace of Jodhpur
Amber Fort of Jaipur
Hawa Mahal of Jaipur
Jaigarh Fort of Jaipur
Jantar Mantar of Jaipur
Junagarh Fort of Bikaner
Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur
History of Rajasthan
Geography of Rajasthan
Archaeology of Rajasthan
Economy of Rajasthan
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Dances and Music of Rajasthan
Climate of Rajasthan
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Backwaters Of Kerala, India

Backwaters Of Kerala, India

Beaches Of Goa, India

Beaches Of Goa, India

Char Dham Pilgrimage Tour

Char Dham Pilgrimage Tour


JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Also called the Victory Fort of Rajasthan, the Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan stands in the midst of thorn-scrub hills of Rajasthan that impart a sterner look to the already forbidding Fort. At a distance of 15kms from Jaipur, the capital city of Indian state of Rajasthan stands the imposing Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. As one approaches the fort from the steep road that leads to the main gate, the Dungar Darwaza, one cannot help but remark at the amazing view it offers of the city below. The Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan was built between the 15th to the 18th century to bolster up the defense of Amer, so one should not be amazed to find that the fort unlike most palaces and forts of Jaipur of Rajasthan is quite plain and simple. It has moats and all the features you would expect of a full-fledged citadel.

JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

The Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan is the most spectacular of the three-hilltop forts that overlook Jaipur of Rajasthan. In Mughal times, the Jaipur of Rajasthan region was a major weapon-producing centre for the Mughal and Rajput rulers, several of which are on display in the fort's museum. It is one of the few military structures of medieval India preserved almost intact, retaining its ancient splendour in palaces of Rajasthan, gardens of Rajasthan, reservoirs of Rajasthan, a granary, an armoury, a well planned cannon foundary, several temples of Rajasthan, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban, one of the largest in the country are preserved here. The extensive parkotas (walls), watch tower and gateways of Jaigarh dominate the western skyline. It is a massive fort that has been preserved and maintained well and has bravely faced the tempests of time. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is also known as the fort of victory. The display includes a collection of canons, many of which are exquisitely decorated and were used in the Mughal campaigns led by the Rajput King, Raja Man Singh.

Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan was made to tighten the security of Jaipur of Rajasthan and Amber of Rajasthan. Due to this fact, one may not find this fort as artistic as other forts and palaces, but it certainly has its own charm. The Fort has many structures of medieval India, which are worth exploring. It has several palaces, granary, well-planned cannon foundry, several temples and a tall tower of Rajasthan. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan used to serve as the center of artillery production for the Rajputs of Rajasthan.

Architecture of Jaigarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Of the Jaipur's three forts, Jaigarh of Rajasthan is perhaps the most motivating. It does not have those delicate structures or palaces like that of Amber of Rajasthan but if you want a quick look at a hard-core fortress, this is it. Jaigarh means `Victory Fort' and was built between the 15th and the 18th century, and stands 15 km from Jaipur of Rajasthan, amidst rock-strewn, thorn-scrub covered hills, its forbidding stone ramparts are visible from the Jaipur town of Rajasthan. The Fort of Rajasthan discloses the mastery over architecture of the former age. Jaigarh or the 'Fort of Victory' is perched on Chilh ka Tola (Hill of Eagles), 400 feet above the Amber Fort of Rajasthan. The walls of the fort are spread over three kilometers. Also, there is a huge moat surrounding the fort. Once you enter through the massive south facing Doongar Darwaza, you'll instantly get a tangible feel of Rajput romanticism. If you're lucky, Thakur Pratap Singh, a handsome Rajput of Rajasthan with a fine moustache will be around to tell you stories of Jaigarh's illustrious past. The other entrance to the fort of Rajasthan is through the Awani Darwaza in the east.

Wander around a bit- you can walk the ramparts and peer down the loopholes for guns and boiling oil, or check out the wide water channels. These were part of a very efficient system for rainwater harvesting, bringing in water from across the hills and into Jaigarh's 3 underground tanks. The manner in which they drew in blasts of air from the desert is most intriguing. A 5km long canal can be seen entering the fort complex of Rajasthan to bring in water from the high hills and store in the fort for the armymen. The Fort of Rajasthan also has a lot of wide water channels, which were a part of a rainwater harvesting system. There are 3 underground tanks at the fort, the largest one of which could store 60, 00,000 gallons of water. An interesting story about this tank is that, many believed it contained hidden treasure but unfortunately Indian Government searched for it and did not find anything at all. It is assumed that the Kings of Amber/Jaipur of Rajasthan used the compartments below the water tank to store the gold and jewellery of the royal family. Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan served as the royal treasury for a number of years. The Jaigarh fort of Rajasthan remained sealed for almost seven years. The reason was a rumor that a huge treasure of gold was buried in the fort of Rajasthan. It is said that this tank was opened during the Emergency declared by the Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi during 1975-1977. However, after many searches and excavations, the government found nothing. The fort has been opened to public since the past few years only.

JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Legend of the Jaigarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Whenever Man Singh I (late 16th century) or his successors warred and won gold, silver, jewels and other booty, they hoarded it in the Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan and they had the loyal Minas to fiercely guard their haul. (In fact, legends tell us that the Minas were such strict guards that they let each new Kachhawaha king to enter only once and pick one single piece for him from the dazzling pile!) Anyway, all this treasure paid first for building Amber of Rajasthan, then Jaipur of Rajasthan and for centuries of lavish living. Indian Government officials tried to retrieve whatever was left; they dug the place in 1976 but found nothing. In fact they even drained the three arched water tanks (in a courtyard on the way to the northern end of the fort) in the hope of finding the fortune there. Some say that everything was used up in building Jaipur of Rajasthan while others claim that it is still there somewhere.

The dictum of the ancient Hindu scriptures, the Puranas, 'a fort is the strength of a king', must have loomed large in the minds of the Rajputs of Rajasthan while building the Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. The ambitious Jai Singh II then expanded, remodelled and renamed it in 1726 and since this fort of Rajasthan never fell in the hands of enemies, it stands almost intact to this day.

Attractions of the Jaigarh Fort of Jaipur in Rajasthan, India

Of Jaipur's three forts, Jaigarh of Rajasthan is perhaps the most interesting. Not if all you want to see are pretty palaces (for that Amer's perfect) of Rajasthan; but if you want a peek at a hard-core fortress of Rajasthan, this is it. Jaigarh (literally, `Victory Fort') of Rajasthan was built between the 15th and the 18th century, and stands 15 km from Jaipur of Rajasthan, amidst rock-strewn, thorn-scrub covered hills, its forbidding stone ramparts visible from Jaipur itself. Views of the barren Aravalli Hills gradually disappearing into the desert haze can keep one engrossed for hours. A steep road goes up to the main gate, the Dungar Darwaza, from where the view is stupendous.

Jaigarh of Rajasthan, once responsible for the security of both Jaipur of Rajasthan and Amer of Rajasthan, is a huge moated fort and contains all the accoutrements of a full-fledged citadel. 1 ½ or 2 hours are usually enough to explore it- don't bother taking a guide; there isn't much use for one, and sections like the armoury and the museum have adequate signs. Above all, the Fort of Rajasthan offers a wonderful view of the city below. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is a perfect destination for a traveler, interested in the majestic past of India. The Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is definitely worth a visit, if you are in Jaipur of Rajasthan. The Entrance fee to Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is Rs. 10 for Indian Tourists and Rs. 20 for Foreign Tourists.

Jaivana - The Huge Cannon at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is a remarkable feat of military architecture. One of the main attractions of Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan is the Jaivan. It is believed to be the biggest cannon on wheels in the world. After you enter, head straight for the gigantic cannon Jaivan perched on top of a tower. Weighing 50 tons with an 8m barrel and a trajectory of about 20km, it is said to be the world's largest cannon on wheels. Such was its might that it took four elephants to swivel it around on its axis. But surprisingly (and thankfully!) it was never used in any war. Despite its awesome firepower, it has delicate scrollwork of birds, foliage and a roaring elephant at its mouth. Jaivan was test-fired once by Jai Singh in 1720 when the cannon ball landed at Chaksu about 38km away! and the impact of it was so enormous that a lake formed at the spot and many houses collapsed in Jaipur. The cannoneer died immediately after the firing, before he could even jump into water. (It is mandatory for the cannoneer to jump into water to avoid the massive impact, and so there's always a water tank beside the cannon.) No wonder enemies didn't ever set their eyes on Jaigarh. There's even a notice here which proudly says, "because of the strong defence system, management and the foresightedness of the rulers, the enemy never dared to enter the fort."

JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Many say that the cannon was only used once and the ball fell some 35kms away on a village. But that's quite doubtful, since a closer inspection of the cannon actually revealed that it has been fired at least a couple of times.  

Vijay Garh – The Armoury at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Walk through a great arch into the courtyard, Jaleb Chowk. But the most important part of the fort is perhaps Vijay Garh, the fort's armoury. Apart from the huge collection of swords and small arms including time bombs, there's an interesting treasury lock with five keys and big wine and oil jars. The 1681 map of Amber kept here is worth a look. If the show of so many armouries awakens the fighter in you, you can try your hands at the mini cannon which make a pretty big bang. The Armoury's treasures include a 50-kg cannonball, various swords, shields, muskets, war bugles, armour and guns (bullock-cart, wheel, and camel-mounted!). It also has photographs of two of Jaipur's maharajas, Sawai Bhawani Singh and Major General Man Singh II, both once senior military officers in the Indian Army.

The Jaigarh Cannon Foundry in Jaipur, Rajasthan


The Jaigarh cannon foundry of Rajasthan, built by Bhagwan Das in the 16th century, is one of the few surviving medieval foundries in the world. It has a furnace, lathe, tools and a collection of cannons. It was Bhagwan's adopted son, Man Singh I, who brought the secret of gunpowder from Kabul in 1584 where the latter was the commander-in-chief of Akbar's army. Soon cannons began to be made in Jaigarh, much to the displeasure of the Mughals who kept the secret to themselves ever since they used it to fight the Lodis and Rajputs in 1526 (check History of Delhi for more). There's a point called Damdama (meaning 'continuous firing'), where there used to be a battery of ten cannons positioned to check any approaching army. This faces the Delhi Road. This led some to believe that Man Singh was secretly preparing for a showdown with his Mughal allies.

Seven Storeyed- Diya Burj in Jaipur, Rajasthan

The highest point in Jaigarh of Rajasthan is the seven-storeyed Diya Burj, the turret of lamps from where you get a panoramic view of the city of Jaipur of Rajasthan. Also interesting is the water supply and storage system of the fort, a real marvel of planning. Sagar Talav, with octagonal bastions and huge dams, is one of the fort's grand reservoirs. The scarcity of water has always exercised the ingenuity of the Rajasthanis, also accounting for the existence of the several baoris or baolis (stepwells) in the state. There are some temples within the fort. The 10th century Shri Ram Hari Har Temple houses images of three gods – Rama, Vishnu and Shiva. It has an interesting doorway. Nearby is the 12th century Kal Bhairava Temple

Museums at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

The museum of artefacts tells the story of the Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan and its vast well-protected treasury. The museum has a remarkable collection of coins, puppets, photographs of the royal kings, buildings, processions, even a circular pack of cards and other things like a balance for measuring explosives and several containers including a 16th century coin container besides many other remnants of the past. One can also see a few weather beaten sedan chairs and drums at the Shubhat Niwas or the Meeting Hall of Warriors. Don't miss the royal kitchen and dining hall; after all food and hospitality were also very much a part of Rajput agenda.  One can also see old photographs of two of Jaipur's Maharajas, Sawai Bhawani Singh and Major General Man Singh II, both of whom were senior officers in the military (Indian Army). The Museum has many photographs, of Maharajas, royalty, buildings and processions and even a circular pack of cards besides many other relics of the past.

The Palace Complex at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

The palace complex of Rajasthan, built by various kings over a period of two centuries, has the usual structure beginning with the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience). But it goes a step ahead of the Amber Fort of Rajasthan in terms of defense; it has a Khilbat Niwas (Commanders' Meeting Hall) in place of the Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience). There's also the open pillared hall, Subhat Niwas. But these are insignificant structures as compare to the ones in Amber Fort of Rajasthan. This part of the fort is full of secret back passages for royal escape in times of emergency. The luxury suites are very much there – the breezy Aram Mandir (Rest House) and the 16th century Vilas Mandir (Pleasure House). The former has a lovely garden attached to it. It was in the charming courtyard of the latter that the royal ladies had their little parties, janani majlis. The pavilions surrounding the courtyard, with a maze of passages, offer excellent views of Amber of Rajasthan.

JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

The Lakshmi Vilas Palace at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

The Lakshmi Vilas Palace of Rajasthan is a beautiful experience, with some lovely frescoes in blue and the remains of an old Mughal garden. It also has a little 'theater' hall where the rajas had their share of entertainment – dance, music recitals and puppet shows. Do stop by at this Puppet Theatre which has been revived by some locals who hold charming shows. This old tradition of puppetry continues to be a popular folk entertainment in Rajasthan today, and tourists take a huge delight in watching such shows.
Visiting Hours : 0930-1645
Entry Fee : Rs 15, for students Rs 10

Rajasthan Handicrafts Centre at the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

There's a lot to see and do in this handicraft centre on Jagat Shiromani Temple Road. You can see demonstrations of the famous Rajasthan block printing, textiles which so many people, especially foreign tourists, are crazy about. Craftspersons churn up some exotic designs with wooden blocks and natural colours. The other centres of block printing in Rajasthan are Barmer, Sanganer, Bagru and others. See Arts & Crafts of Rajasthan for more on block printing. Shops at the complex also sell gems, jewellery, textiles, antiques and other handicrafts. By antiques one means artefacts upto 90 years old. So take home a piece of Rajasthan, though the prices may be slightly high.

Location and Transport of the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Falling under the Golden Triangle of India and being visited by millions of domestic and foreign tourists, the city of Jaipur of Rajasthan is a place of high tourist interest. The Pink City of Rajasthan, as commonly known, has all sorts of amenities for domestic and foreign tourists. The city is linked by Rail, Road, and Air and attracts high traffic in winters.

JAIGARH FORT OF JAIPUR IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Jaipur By Air
Jaipur Airport of Rajasthan is located near Sanganer at a distance of 13 kms from the city of Jaipur in Rajasthan. Many domestic airlines connect the city to all the major cities of India including Udaipur of Rajasthan and Jodhpur of Rajasthan as well. Flights for Delhi and Mumbai run on a regular basis. The airport has been granted the status of an international airport and connects to the foreign cities like Sharjaha and Muscat too.

Jaipur By Rail
Jaipur Railway Station of Rajasthan is a central main station of the state of Rajasthan. The vast rail track of Indian Railways connects Jaipur station of Rajasthan with all other cities of India. There are numerous trains which run on a regular basis to and from Jaipur of Rajasthan. Shatabdi and Intercity connects Jaipur of Rajasthan to Delhi. Shatabdi is fully air conditioned train starts from Delhi (5.55 AM) to Jaipur (10.35 AM) of Rajasthan, you can also try Intercity Exp starts from Delhi at (4.55 PM) reaches Jaipur (10.35 PM) of Rajasthan. There are other trains also to Jaipur of Rajasthan from other metro cities.

Jaipur By Road
Jaipur of Rajasthan is well connected by road to major cities in India. Excellent road network serves people to enjoy a comfortable journey to and from Jaipur. This mode of traveling is quite easy and comparatively cheap. Regular bus services from nearby cities connect Jaipur to the other cities. Deluxe Buses, AC coaches and Government buses are available for the convenience of the passengers.

Jaipur Local Transport
One can easily travel around Jaipur of Rajasthan as there are more than enough means of transport in Jaipur of Rajasthan. The taxis in black and yellow, which are frequently seen in the metropolitan cities, are not usual in Jaipur of Rajasthan. In Jaipur of Rajasthan, one can hire private taxis/ cabs, which are easily available. There is a wide range of private taxis to choose from. People can always hire taxi according to their preference, comfort and luxury. Taxis can be hired for day or days for sightseeing purposes and excursions as well.
People usually prefer cycle-rickshaws and three-wheelers for short distances. Cycle-rickshaw is the cheapest mode to travel in the city. One can also opt for three-wheelers, which charge very nominal fare to reach predefined destinations. These autos run on sharing basis, which move from one point to another for getting more and more passengers. Unmetered Auto-Rickshaws are also easily available round the city. Every Auto-rickshaw driver has the fare chart, which provides the fare that to be charged for different distances. The farther the distance, the more the price one has to pay.

Rajasthan State Roadways offers comfortable public transportation in Jaipur. The city buses run by Rajasthan State Roadways are the most common means of transport used by people. Buses charge a very nominal price for their service. They don't have a fixed time schedule but operate on a regular basis. In totality, while visiting Jaipur, there is no need to worry about transportation as Jaipur of Rajasthan offers ample means of transport to make your journey comfortable and a memorable one.

Facts of the Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Location

15 kilometers from Jaipur in Rajasthan, 400 ft above the Amber Fort.

Year of construction

Between 15th and 18th Century

Highlights

Palaces, granary, cannon foundry, several temples, a tall tower, etc. The fort also houses a collection of weapons, puppets and ancient coins and the largest cannon on wheels in the world.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Jaipur of Rajasthan is between October and March. During this period, the heat of the desert sun is less intense, the weather is cool and it is the best season for going sightseeing. The Elephant Festival of Rajasthan and the Gangaur Festival of Rajasthan are held in Jaipur of Rajasthan at the tail end of March; another good reason to plan a trip as winter is on the wane and summer is yet to set in.

Entrance fee

The Entrance fee to Jaigarh of Rajasthan is Rs. 10 for Indian Tourists and Rs. 20 for Foreign Tourists.

How to Reach

Jaipur of Rajasthan can be reached easily from any nearby city as it has its own airport and railway station. Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan can be reached from anywhere in Jaipur of Rajasthan by a wide network of roads.

Distance of Jaipur of Rajasthan from major cities

 

Delhi

265 km

Ahmedabad

625 km

Chandigarh

510 km

Mumbai

1,176 km

Calcutta

1,472 km

Agra

246 km

Travel to Rajasthan, a majestic state of Indian Tourism and explore the famous tourist destinations embellished with beautiful havelis in Rajasthan, sand dunes in Rajasthan, wildlife in Rajasthan, temples in Rajasthan, fort and palaces in Rajasthan. Rajasthan tourism and travel destinations offer not only sightseeing of forts and palaces in Rajasthan but also colorful and vibrant fairs and festivals of Rajasthan tourism. Jaipur in Rajasthan, Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, Udaipur in Rajasthan, Ajmer in Rajasthan and many other tourist destinations of Rajasthan in India will take your breath away.

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